Radboud Scientists discover rare ‘ghost microbe’ in Twente canal
Radboud University Nimwegen (RU) with the Max Planck Institute discovered a rare microbe in a sample from the Twente. That made the university on Monday on its website. A microbe that both methane and iron ‘eat’: microbiologists were expecting that he existed, but could not find the creature anywhere.
Ghost Microbe – Researchers at the University seemed to have it for years in their collection. The recently discovered ‘ghost bug’ is the penultimate of ten organisms that scientists believe they exist, simply because they exist. “The evolution rarely leave an unoccupied niche,” the University said in their announcement. Twente Canal – That sometimes you just have to look close to home, showed. “Nota bene in our own collection of samples,” said microbiologist Mike Jetten from Radboud University in the press release. “We found them in accumulation cultures from the Twente we had for years. We could raise a whole culture by feeding them with iron and nitrate, a substance that we normally never stop in large quantities in our tanks.” Particular being: the unicellular organism (the archaea) plays an important role in the quality of the ‘wet’ nature, as it purifies water. The microbe eats iron, breaks it down so that the other bacteria weather is edible and is simultaneously harmless substances.”It’s really an extraordinary discovery,” said Jetten. “We hope the latter bacterium soon to find, but Australian and US researchers sit on our heels in that quest, which is so exciting.” The microbe that researchers at the Radboud and the Max Planck Institute found in Twente, can purify water naturally. Because of this tiny creature can result in savings of tens of millions of euros. Water purifiers have now mostly buy methanol and add wastewater to initiate degradation of harmful substances. Cheaper – The microbes can now found that job in the future account for, expected prof. Dr. Ir. Mike Jetten of the Radboud University in Nijmegen. “That can make the water treatment plant in the Netherlands a few years annually tens of millions of euros cheaper,” said Jetten. He got his team three years ago by the state 22.9 million grant for research into the microbes. Rich soil – The wondrous organisms in the mud of the Twente continue to surprise him and other microbiologists. In the past ten years, it was established that sit in the bottom of the channel not only bacteria that break down the noxious substance methane, but also itself produce oxygen. New research has now shown that the mud samples from the Twente also contain iron-eating microbes, which scientists sought for years. Ghost Microbe number eight – Jetten has ever compiled a list of nine of the most wanted microbes. These single-celled “mud bugs” stimulate a chemical reaction. The now discovered bacteria are referred to as’ ghost bug number eight. They come not only in the Twente. “Now once we know who they are, we see them everywhere. In ordinary locks on the seabed and in rice fields they live. ” Role iron producing processes – They can also, according to him shed new light on the age-old debate about the role that iron producing processes have had on the early Earth. “Iron is from the beginning an important metal in the bottom of the earth. This bacterium may have played a role in making the cooler the earth so that another life was possible”, said Jetten.